““The name of the second river is the Psihon; it skirts through the entire land of Cush” (Genesis, 2:13)

Heaven, a paradise of righteous dwelling, there flows four rivers, Ephesus, Pishon, Tigris, and Euphrates. A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters.  The name of the first is the Pishon; it skirts through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold.  (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there.) The name of the second river is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Cush.  The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.” (Genesis, 2:8-14)

“God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwell not in temples made with hands” (Acts 17:24)

Athenians worshiping assorted witches made Apostle Paul furious and fuming. Qualm the existence in GOD, they curved sculptures and bow in front it by the Title of “The unknown GOD.” Watching them in irate he said, “God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwell not in temples made with hands.” He preached for them to have faith in the Alpha and Omega, GOD. Saint Paul’s name signifying his Christ’s gulp of air, his deed wasn’t out of the ordinary; tough theirs was inapt. (Acts 17:22-24)

The Good Shepherd LORD Jesus Christ and His Sheep

“Verily, verily, I say unto you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs in transient way, the same is a thief and a robber. But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the doorkeeper opens and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. When he brings out his own sheep, he goes before them and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice. Yet they will by no means follow a stranger, but will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of stranger.” (John 10:1-6)

“Son of man, take the brick and lay it at front; draw icons of the city of Jerusalem and surround it” (Ezek. 4፡1)

There are things to keep in mind when using Holy Icons for prayer and various services. It is important to keep it in a proper place so that it does not get damaged and blurred. The owner of the icon describes the picture, illustrating God or Holy, Righteous or Martyr due reverence and worship shall be given. Artists to help the laities know and worship the rightful owners of the painting they must also draw the icon they are painting.

“When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all truth.” (John 16: 13)

Our LORD Jesus Christ previously preached that his father Holy Spirit will come and he will become life to Holy Church, and when the truth of spirit comes, he will lead us to the all truth. (John. 16:13)

“The Trepidation of GOD is the foundation of Wisdom. But heresies disrepute wisdom and regiment (Prov. 1:7)”

Affirmed as “Trepidation for GOD is the throne of wisdom,” the wisdom from GOD is the trepidation of him. (Syra. 1:18). Fearing GOD doesn’t mean thinking he might destroy us with his fury or with his power; or to feel agony or anxious. It is to believe he is the creator of the world and live by his command

“Onwards the time of ignorance, GOD then order all to repent in their dwellings” (Acts.16:30)

Tough Apostle Saint Paul preached heathens in Aetna, it has also big message. Especially his words, “Onwards the time of ignorance, GOD then order all to repent in their dwellings (Acts 16:30)”, unswervingly gears us.

Adwa Commemorated: Papers Presented at Mahibere Kidusan Platform

Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (EOTC) Deserves apology and compensation from Italy
March 7, 2017
By Kassa  Nigus 


Mahibere Kidusan Research Center organized a workshop to commemorate the Adwa Victory on St. George Day (March 2, 2017) at its premises. Two individuals had presentations on themes relating to the day and the papers were titled, “The Invasion of Fascist Italy and the position of Pope Pius XI,” by Kesis Dr. Mikre Sillase Gebre Amanuel, and Adwa Zikre Qenie (Ge’ez Peom in Memory of Adwa) by Kesis Haile Iyyesus Alebachew. 
The two presenters depicted the situation and the public feeling as it existed in the years leading up to the Battle of Adwa in 1896 and the Italian action in the years of the invasion. The Italians in response to the humiliation they suffered in Adwa defeat, unleashed brutal retaliation campaign against Ethiopia in the years (1935-1941) of the invasion. This Italian campaign claimed the lives of thousands of priests in monasteries and tens of thousands of Ethiopians as well as resulting in the destruction of churches, and plunder of lots of ancient manuscripts and many heritages from monasteries and churches.


Kesis Dr. Mikre Sillase Gebre Amanuel provided the background to Italian invasion and consequences of the invasion in his presentation. He underlined the noticeable silence of the then Pope Pius XI of the Catholic Church regarding the massacre of Ethiopians.  He explained the rationale behind the silence of Pope Pius XI and said that the Pope saw the invasion as an opportunity to expand the Catholic faith that would follow the subjugation and colonization of Ethiopia. He also said that fear of quarrel between the Catholic Church and the Italian government is another factor for the Pope’s silence.
However, to this day the Italian government has not offered an official apology and has not paid any compensation for their wartime crimes against humanity and the enormous destruction the Italian government inflicted on Ethiopia. It is only logical that the Italian government as well as the Vatican Church issue an apology and compensate Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church for all the havoc they caused and crimes against humanity they committed, compatibly with the damage they have done.


The 2nd speaker, Kesis Haile Iyyesus Alebachew presented his paper, which analyzed the contents of Ge’ez poems coined in the few years leading up to the Battle of Adwa and showed the significance of the messages in that they illustrated the mood of the time as well as showing the important role of the Church and fathers for the victory of Adwa by giving moral support.
The presenter depicted the rich information Ge’ez poems provide, alongside history books. He also noted that the victory of Adwa won by our forefathers was not achieved through the size of the Ethiopian army  or weapons of war. Rather it was by the grace of God and the help of St George. Thus, the present and succeeding generations shall remember always what the patriotism of our fathers meant and not forget the enormous sacrifices they made to protect our freedom and make us proud. They need to recognize the significance of Ethiopia as a symbol of freedom to Africa and freedom seekers throughout the world.
  • Editing by Mesfin Zegeye 

The Renowned Theologian Prof. Lule Melaku Passes away at 84

March 1, 2017
By Kassa Nigus


Professor Lule Melaku, the prominent theologian and researcher, was laid to rest at Menbere Tsebaot Holy Trinity Cathedral Church in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, on February 24, 2017. 

He has been served more than half a century at the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church Theology Colleges in teaching and research.

H.H Patriarch Abune Mathias, archbishops, disciples of the Holy Trinity Theology College and St Paul Sewasewe Berhan Theology College and relatives of the scholar as well as  friends of the late Professor attended the funeral.  

Professor Lule Melaku was exemplary man of God, a mentor and shiny father who declared his superb in what he has done according to his biography red in the funeral. Poem (Ge’ez Qenie) that testified his deeds was composed and offered by church scholars as part of the funeral service. 

His Grace Archbishop Abune Timothewos, the supreme guardian of the Holy Trinity Theological College, witnessed his celebrity saying, professor Lule who sow his real knowledge on the mind of mankind has produced several professionals who engaged both in spiritual and secular profession as a farmer feeding the world by harvesting different grains. 

Professor Lule was the perfect hermit that God testified his righteousness; we have seen the ‘perfect hermit and celibacy’ not only in monastery, forest, desert… but being dwelled in a town through the disciplined life of the professor.  Death is our path, he has lived and worked faithfully until he died according to God’s will, may God rest his soul, His grace added.  

May God repose his soul in the bosom of our holy fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob!! 

Fasting, Prayer & Repentance: Keys to Approach the Holy God, Abune Mathias

February 20, 2017
By Kassa Nigus 


His Holiness  Patriarch Abune Mathias has made an address regarding the Fast of Great Lent, locally known as Abiy Tsom/Hudade, which will begin on Monday Yekatit 13,  2009 E.C.( February 20, 2017). 
Abune Mathias addressing extensively about the worth of fasting, prayer and repentance quoting on (Ps.34:5, Math, 17:14 -21, Joel 2:12 – 18, Isa. 58: 6-8).  
Based on the verse of Psalm 34:5,  H.H shows the relationship of man and God,  equal to the basic necessity of earthly life that emanated from carnal nature of man, man has great desire to have a relationship with His Creator through his spiritual nature that begotten from God.  On the other hand, more than man needs to approach His Creator; God wants man to be His abode. These mutual attractions of love recognized both by natural Law and Holy Bible. 
Though there are many sinful practices that separates man from God, fasting is one of the main ingredients draws man to his God.  In addition to fasting, prayer and repentance are the key spiritual element to narrow the gap that arises between God and man. 
H.H highlighted on the meaning of fasting saying, the purpose of fasting is to create an obedient and broken heart that worships God through repentance and prayer. Christians shall discipline your body and keep it under the control of their soul. It is also necessary to fast through removing the quarrel with pardon; ensuring peace through true friendship and self-control; avoiding materialism; defeats the evil desires arose through the pressure of wicked spirits, and prepare ourselves to the Holy Communion. 
At the end of His message, H.H urged all Christians saying, as the main purpose of fasting is to obey God’s Command, we shall utilize the earth that God gifted us to take care of it. Accordingly, we shall work hard and beautify our country so as to make it easy to life.  As work is one of the means to prevent ourselves from sin Christians shall spend the fast through hard work and helping others in need.  
Let us prepare ourselves to cleanse our flesh & soul!